Post by Roland Spencer-Jones on Jan 21, 2021 21:32:08 GMT
One of the questions I wanted to ask David tonight, but we didn't have time for, was the third racial mix in Guyana, ie the Chinese. My wife's first husband was Darrel Ho-Yen, a virologist in Raigmore that many of us will have heard of. His family left Guyana when he was a boy. Interestingly Jen's sister's first husband was also Guyanese origin, but South Asian origin. So, African, S Asian and Chinese. It's fascinating to think how they got there, and the contribution they made to Guyanan society.
The fourth unmentioned racial group would have been the original Amerindians. I wonder how many of them are left, and how they fit in now.
Post by Malcolm Bangor-Jones on Jan 22, 2021 8:15:31 GMT
I have this vague sense that Messrs Gillanders, Arbuthnot & Co. of Liverpool/Calcutta (Gillanders of Highfield) were involved in shippling labour from India after the end of slavery and were probably tied up with the John Gladstone (also with Highland connections)
Fascinating talk David and thank you. We both enjoyed it. Trina being an Aberdonian has done plenty of reading about Aberdeen and its history and we have been aware for a long time of another dark side to slavery, that of kidnapping children for sale to the Americas as slaves which came to light through 'The life and curious adventures of Peter Williamson who was carried off from Aberdeen and sold for a slave' York 1757. I shall only briefly tell his story so as not to spoil it for others to look into if interested. Peter Williamson whilst playing on the quayside in Aberdeen in 1744 was lured onto a boat then held with other kidnapped children until the boat had loaded with cargo when it then set off for America ending up shipwrecked on a sand bank off Pennsylvania. He ended up being sold for $16 to someone who had earlier suffered the same fate. Years later Peter Williamson managed to get back to Britain via the south of England and he made his way back to Aberdeen where he spilt the beans and took the town worthies who were behind this dreadful people trade to court only getting locked up as an alleged liar for doing so. However when he got out he persisted, there was a trial at a higher court and he won. In the process the whole dirty business of hundreds of children being kidnapped for sale as slaves to the American colonies from Aberdeen and other ports came to light. Plenty of info online if you input Peter Williamson child slave or something like that. The book that he wrote is also available in modern form. More recently in 2017 a lady called Angela Austin did a PHD from Glasgow University titled 'Forgotten Children 1680 -1760' which I have had a quick look at and intend to read in comfort anon. It was a very sordid business. So my question is: was this same dark trade in child slaves taking place from Cromarty and Inverness and did any any kidnapped Highland children end up as slaves in Guyana?
The thesis is an M Phil(R). It can be obtained at theses.gla.ac.uk/8562/ It is by Angela Austin full title 'Forgotten children: Scotland's colonial child servants, 1680 - 1760' It is an easy read and includes a full account of the life of Peter Williamson. It also makes mention of a boat owning merchant family name of Trent with a branch in Inverness and has evidence of children being kidnapped from the Inverness area. Altogether it makes a very uncomfortable read. There is nothing new about people trafficking.
Post by Jonathan Wordsworth on Jan 22, 2021 14:31:19 GMT
I have friends in Douglas Row, Inverness and have pointed out to them that a woman, Anne Maria Fraser was living in the street there and was the recipient of £35 9s 10d as compensation for owning 1 slave in British Guiana. You can read the details on the UCL database www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/ for the details of the 'compensation' paid for this loss of property in 1833. Obviously not on the scale of compensation paid out to the Baillies or George Rainy who purchased Raasay (details of these people can be seen on David's excellent website www.spanglefish.com/slavesandhighlanders/index.asp)
Post by Roland Spencer-Jones on Jan 22, 2021 15:15:23 GMT
I asked David last night by email for a reading list or further reading material. This is his response: "On line at www.spanglefish.com/slavesandhighlanders/. And my book Slaves & Highlanders will be published by Edinburgh University Press by October."
Post by Jonathan Wordsworth on Feb 18, 2021 15:55:23 GMT
Those of you interested in this topic can see this half hour talk Dr David Worthington on highland involvement in slavery in Suriname in the 17th century, recorded as part of the UHI EDGE series of seminars in August 2020 Sugar, Slave-Owning and the Scottish Highlands Before 1707 www.youtube.com/watch?v=0p8RMrVDrC0&feature=emb_title